Bacterial Conjunctivitis

Bacterial conjunctivitis is caused by bacterial inflammation of the conjunctiva tissue that covers most of the outer white part of the eye and the inside of the eyelids. Bacterial conjunctivitis can develop due to decreased immunity or bacteria that overwhelm the above-mentioned areas. Bacterial conjunctivitis is the most common ocular infection worldwide. It can involve either one or both eyes.

Acute conjunctivitis generally lasts less than 3 weeks and can be shortened with treatment, while chronic conjunctivitis lasts more than 3 weeks and can  develop comorbid blepharitis or dacryocystitis.

What are the symptoms of conjunctivitis?

• Watery eyes
• Pain and stinging sensation in the eye
• Itching and redness
• Bleary-eye
• Crust formation that prevent the eye from opening in the morning
• Photosensitivity and blurred vision

Bacterial conjunctivitis is a highly contagious ocular disease. Thus, one should avoid being in crowded areas and contacting others. Personal belongings should not be shared with others.

Early treatment is very important in relieving inflammations and preventing further complications.

The following measures can be helpful in preventing and slowing down the progression of bacterial conjunctivitis

• Protection against tobacco smoke and air pollution
• Avoiding air-conditioned areas
• Cold compresses and frequently washing the eyes with fresh water
• Limiting contact lens use for a while and frequently refreshing the lens solution
• Avoiding contact with others
• Using disposable towels
• Avoiding makeup use
• Using prescribed eye drops regularly until completely healed
• Paying attention to hygiene standards


Otağtepe Cad. No:5 Kavacık. Anadoluhisarı – İstanbul