Dry Eye Syndrome

Dry eye syndrome is a multifactorial disease that affects the ocular surface. It is caused by the loss of the tear film due to prolonged tear insufficiency or excessive evaporation of tears. The symptoms include irritation, stinging and redness in the eyes, and visual impairment.

What are the causes of dry eye syndrome?

Although there are many causes of dry eye syndrome, advanced age is one of the most frequent ones given that the lipid layer in the eyes disappear over time. Other common causes include external factors such as air-conditioned or heated environments, dry and windy climates, high altitude and tobacco smoke. In addition, arthritis, menopause, hypothyroidism, long-term contact lens use and other disorders may also cause dry eye syndrome.

How is dry eye syndrome treated?

Dry eye syndrome is a common disorder which impairs quality of life significantly. It is important to identify and treat the factors causing the syndrome It can be treated successfully with eye drops and gels prescribed by a clinician.


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