An epileptic seizure is a neurological disorder that occurs due to abnormal and irregular electric activities in neurons. It is known as “falling-sickness” colloquially. In healthy individuals, all neurons in the brain send inter-compatible electric signals to muscles in the body. In case of an abnormality in the nervous system, the signal inter-compatibility is impaired. As a result, epileptic seizures develop. The patient experiences temporary loss of consciousness and muscle contractions. A single epileptic seizure does not necessarily imply that the patient has epilepsy. Besides movement disorders such as muscle contractions, sensory abnormalities or short attacks that last a few seconds can be seen. Epilepsy is a very prevalent neurological disorder. Its incidence is higher in children younger than 16 and adults older than 65. It is the most common neurological disease in children.
A patient that experienced their first attack should be assessed by a neurologist as soon as possible. This approach is important in early and accurate diagnosis, and determining optimal treatment.
How is epilepsy diagnosed?
A patient experiencing seizures should be assessed by a neurologist. Information collected from relatives and eyewitness is extremely important. EEG is the major ancillary diagnostic tool.
How is epilepsy treated?
Treatment plans vary from individual to individual. Treatment options are determined based on seizure types, medications and comorbid conditions. Epileptic seizures can be controlled, and the quality of life could be increased, by the appropriate and regular use of drugs.